Ware Creek Living Shoreline Project at Naval Weapons Station Earle

Project Purpose:  

 

Test whether an artificial oyster reef installation will reduce energy that is eroding the mouth of the creek.

 

Brief Description:

 

NY/NJ Baykeeper and Rutgers University, Center for Urban Environmental Sustainability (CUES) will install vertical oyster support structures at the mouth of Ware Creek to test the effects of such a structure on dampening water flows and velocities, including during extreme weather events. This project is part of a larger, 200-acre restoration and enhancement proposed by Naval Weapons Station Earle (NWSE), located in Middletown Township, Monmouth County, NJ.

 

As part of a baseline evaluation of the area, prior to installing the oysters and structures, flow meters and transducers have been installed to evaluate water movement and flow velocities due to upland stormwater runoff entering Ware Creek and storm surge activity from Sandy Hook Bay. This evaluation assisted in determining the source of shoreline erosion and helped to gain a better understanding of currents and storm/wave energy in the project vicinity. Dissolved oxygen, salinity, pH, temperature, turbidity and chlorophyll have been recorded.

 

Baykeeper created a living shoreline using clusters of oyster castles set with oyster spat within a 0.91-acre area adjacent to Ware Creek. The location provides sufficient water depth to cover the vertical structures during all tides to protect from ice.

 

The castles will first be set with oyster larvae in tanks within our aquaculture facility. The castles set with oysters will be moved to the previously NJDEP-approved oyster project nursery area and left to grow for a maximum of two months before being moved to the 0.91-acre living shoreline project area. 

 

Project partners will monitor the structures three times per year to determine the overall stability after exposure to currents and waves; whether the structures have shifted from the initial configuration; and whether oysters or other organisms are growing on the structures.

 

Resource Values/Project Outputs:

 

The use of living shoreline strategies serves multiple roles by controlling erosion, maintaining natural coastal processes, and sustaining biodiversity and provide a viable alternative to common hardened structures such as bulkheads, stone revetments, and seawalls. If the project is successful, these activities will restore, protect, and enhance multiple habitat types in the water and along the shoreline and address the loss of vegetated shorelines and habitat in the littoral zone as well as test whether vertical structures can influence the sediment deposition patterns near the Ware Creek shoreline by reducing the energy that is eroding the mouth of the creek. 

 
Cost/Budget:                       

 

  • Senior Personnel - $29,000

  • University Intern Stipend - $4,500

 
Please note:

US Naval Weapon Station Earle has made an invaluable in-kind donation not reflected in the overall project budget by providing bay bottom, security patrols, and administrative support to the Ware Creek Living Shoreline Project.

 

                                                Administrative Support                                                      $1,000

                                                Field Technician(s)                                                              $13,000

                                                Consultant(s)                                                                        $17,425

                                                Other Administrative Support                                           $8,275

                                                Fringe                                                                                     $6,500

                                                Travel                                                                                    $1,000

                                                Oyster Castles                                                                      $8,000

                                                Oyster Larvae                                                                      $1,000

                                                Shell Substrate                                                                     $2,000

                                                Reef Supplies                                                                       $1,500

                                                Lab Monitoring Supplies                                                    $3,000

                                                Native Plants and Grasses                                                 $2,000  

                                                Disease Testing for Oysters                                                $1,500

                                                Aquaculture Facility Repair and Maintenance             $1,000

                                                Office Supplies (waterproof paper, etc.)                         $550

                                                General Field Supplies (walkie talkies, etc.)                    $1,000

                                                Phones                                                                                   $250

                                                Boat and Diving Rentals                                                    $1,500

                                                Aquaculture Facility Space                                               $24,000

                                                Boat Operations and Maintenance                                 $2,000

                                                Miscellaneous Supplies                                                      $2,500

                                                Total Project Budget                                                         $132,500

                                               

 

 

Schedule:

 

Spring 2016: Prepared aquaculture facility and performed baseline studies

Summer 2016: Set oyster castles and placed in nursery area

Summer 2016/Fall 2016: Began installation of living shoreline with oyster castles set with larvae

Fall, Spring, Summer 2017: Monitor project site and expand the living shoreline by double the amount of oyster castles

Spring, Summer, Fall 2018: Expand within 0.91 acres by adding more castles; plant vegetation

 
Permit Status:

 

NJDEP General permit 24 (living shorelines) for 0.91 acres: secured Jan. 2016; Army Corps of Engineer Permit and NJDEP Bureau of Tidelands License secured May 2016.

 

List of Partners:

 

Rutgers University, Center for Urban Environmental Sustainability, Johanette Wallerstein Foundation, Victoria Foundation, Geraldine R. Dodge Foundation, Marta Helfin Foundation, OHMSETT, NY/NJ Baykeeper, Proud Pour, Inc., Brown-Forman Group, and Naval Weapons Station Earle

 

What is requested from the CWRP/Contribution: Below, please see a breakdown of the $25,000 requested from CWRP.

 

                                                Oyster Castles                                                                      $8,000

                                                Oyster Larvae                                                                      $1,000

                                                Reef Supplies                                                                       $1,500

                                                Lab Monitoring Supplies                                                    $3,000

                                                Native Plants and Grasses                                                 $2,000  

                                                Disease Testing for Oysters                                                $1,500

                                                Aquaculture Facility Repair and Maintenance             $1,000

                                                General Field Supplies (walkie talkies, etc.)                    $1,000

                                                Boat and Diving Rentals                                                    $1,500

                                                Boat Operations and Maintenance                                 $2,000

                                                Miscellaneous Supplies                                                      $2,500

                                                Total Budget Requested from CWRP                           $25,000

 

Point of Contact:

Meredith DeMarco, Director of Development; 732-888-9870 x4; mdemarco@nynjbaykeeper.org

Project News: 

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